5 Key Players - Deep Roots


IBM CEOs: Leadership ⇔ Challenges ⇔ Transformations in the IT Century
(researched and compiled by Peter de Toma Sr.)

5 Key Players - Deep Roots: Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation (CTR) 1911 => IBM 1924
(Highlights – Milestones - Excerpts)

They represent the deep roots transformed by Charles R. Flint into CTR, incorporated on June 16, 1911, which was transformed by Thomas J. Watson Sr., into the company renamed and listed at the New York Stock Exchange as International Business Machines – IBM – in February 1924.

Information documentation, processing, storage and retrieval:

*) First commercially produced adding machine: “Arithmometer” developed by Thomas de Colmar of Alsace (1820).     

IBM’s potential years of Birth:


Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company „C-T-R“:

IBM's roots actually predate 1911, but on June 16, 1911, the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (C-T-R) was incorporated with the merger of

In 1911 C-T-R had 1,300 employees.